Saturday, October 7, 2017

08 Paintings, of The amorous game, Part 3 - With Footnotes

Filippo Indoni, (Italian, born circa 1842-1908)
The distracted shepherd
Watercolour and bodycolour 
76.5 x 54cm (30 1/8 x 21 1/4in)
Private collection

Filippo Indoni, Italian (1800 - 1884). In a reaction against the frivolous and unrealistic images of early 19th century Romanticism, artists turned to less glamorous aspects of life and society in search of a direct experience. By 1850, they had formed a relatively cohesive movement that battled for popularity with Romanticism, a far more widespread style.

This movement, known as Realism, revolutionized art, and artists took a renewed interest in genre scenes - the everyday activities of middle and lower class citizens that previously had been excluded from the fine arts. Roman-born artist Filippo Indoni embraced this artistic movement, presenting jubilant peasants reaping the rewards of their hard work, thus encouraging viewers to seek aesthetic pleasure in the unheralded members of society and moments of daily living. Realists' work such as Indoni's suggests that the everyday movements of life can be as lovely as the life-changing events. More on Filippo Indoni, Italian

Attributed to Luca Postiglione, (Italian, 1876-1936)
The stolen kiss
signed 'L.Postiglione' (lower left)
oil on canvas 
53.4 x 50.2cm (21 x 19 3/4in).
Private collection

Luca Postiglione (Naples, October 18, 1876 – 1936) was an Italian painter, mainly of portraits, and historic and genre subjects, in a Realist style.

He was the son of the painter Luigi Postiglione. His elder brother, Salvatore Postiglione was also a painter and his teacher. Luigi's uncle, Raffaele (1818–1897) was a professor at the Neapolitan Institute of Fine Arts.

Among his works are L'orfana exhibited at the Italian Exhibition in London in 1904, while Il giglio, and La Soglia were exhibited at the International Exposition in Rome in 1906. More on Luca Postiglione

Heine, A. (South Germany)
Jovial Lunch Break, c. 1901
Oil on wood
40.0 x 31.5 cm.
Private collection

Buchholz - Stark, Helene, (1902 - 1989 Berlin)
Reclining Couple in a Wide Landscape
Mixed media on wood
102.0 x 142.0 cm
Private collection

Simeon Solomon, 1840–1905
Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene, c. 1864
Watercolour on paper
330 x 381 mm
The Tate collection

The picture depicts Sappho embracing her fellow poet Erinna in a garden at Mytilene on the island of Lesbos. Sappho was born at Lesbos in about 612BC. After a period of exile in Sicily she returned to the island and was at the centre of a community of young women devoted to Aphrodite and the Muses. Although Solomon believed Erinna to have been part of this community, we now know that she lived not on Lesbos, but on the Dorian island of Télos, and slightly later than Sappho, at the end of the 4th Century BC. Sappho wrote nine books of poetry, of which only fragments survive. The principal subject of her work is the joy and frustration of love and the most complete surviving poem is an invocation to the goddess Aphrodite to help her in her relationship with a woman. More Sappho and Erinna

Simeon Solomon (9 October 1840 – 14 August 1905) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter noted for his depictions of Jewish life and same-sex desire. Born and educated in London, Solomon started receiving lessons in painting from his older brother around 1850. He started attending Carey's Art Academy in 1852. His older sister first exhibited her works at the Royal Academy during the same year.

As a student at the Royal Academy Schools, Solomon was introduced to other members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle. His first exhibition was at the Royal Academy in 1858. He continued to hold exhibitions of his work at the Royal Academy between 1858 and 1872. In addition to the literary paintings favoured by the Pre-Raphaelite school, 

In 1873 his career was cut short when he was arrested and charged with attempting to commit sodomy: he was fined £100. He was arrested again in 1874 in Paris, after which he was sentenced to spend three months in prison.

After his prosecutions he no longer exhibited, but achieved a degree of celebrity amongst those who shared his sensibilities: Oscar Wilde, John Addington Symonds, Count Eric Stenbock, and Walter Pater all collected his works.

In 1884 he was admitted to the workhouse where he continued to produce work, but his life and talent were blighted by alcoholism. Twenty years later in 1905, he died from complications brought on by his alcoholism. More Simeon Solomon 

Arthur Heyer, (Hungarian 1872-1931) 
Her Little Secret 
Oil on canvas 
30 x 37-1/2 in (76.2 x 95.2 cm)
Private collection

Arthur Heyer (28 February 1872, Haarhausen, Amt Wachsenburg, German Empire – 1931, Budapest, Hungary) was a German-Hungarian painter who primarily painted animals.

On the basis of his artistic talents, he attended, from 1890 to 1895, Unterrichtsanstalt des Kunstgewerbemuseums Berlin. During this period, he published his first drawings in various newspapers. In 1892 and 1895, he conducted study trips to Transylvania, where he came into contact with the local Hungarian culture. In 1896, he moved to Budapest and earned his living with book illustrations. In 1900, he became a naturalized Hungarian citizen, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1906, he held his first exhibition in Budapest, followed by numerous others. In 1909, he had two exhibitions in Thuringia, the Grand Ducal Museum in Weimar and the Kunstverein Gotha. In 1911, he received the Hungarian Count Andrássy Prize. After several exhibitions, including at the Vienna Künstlerhaus and the Glaspalast in Munich, he was appointed professor there in 1915. In 1929, the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest acquired his self-portrait. In 1931, he died in Budapest at the age of 59 and received a state funeral at Kerepesi Cemetery. More on Arthur Heyer

Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1828–1882
The Wedding of St George and Princess Sabra, c. 1857
Watercolour on paper
365 x 365 mm
The Tate collection

This work was executed while Rossetti and other artists were decorating the Oxford Union with medievalist murals. In Oxford, Rossetti saw Jane Burden, later Mrs William Morris, and immediately asked her to pose for him. She is the model for Princess Sabra, threading a lock of her hair through St George's helmet.

The claustrophobic composition is characteristic of much of Rossetti's work at this time. Sabra's embrace of an armoured figure, enmeshing him with her hair, and St George's distracted gaze hint at Rossetti's dilemma of being involved with Elizabeth Siddall but feeling a strong attraction for Jane. More St George and Princess Sabra

Dante Gabriel Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882) was an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator. He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848 with William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais. Rossetti was later to be the main inspiration for a second generation of artists and writers influenced by the movement. His work also influenced the European Symbolists and was a major precursor of the Aesthetic movement.

Rossetti's personal life was closely linked to his work, especially his relationships with his models and muses Elizabeth Siddal, Fanny Cornforth and Jane Morris. More


ERNEST ALBERT WATERLOW,
"The porposal"
Oil on canvas
61 x 46 cm.
Private collection

Sir Ernest Albert Waterlow RA (24 May 1850 – 25 October 1919) was an English painter. He was born in London, and received the main part of his art education in the Royal Academy schools, where, in 1873, he gained the Turner medal for landscape-painting.

He was elected associate of the Royal Watercolour Society in 1880, member in 1894, and president in 1897; associate of the Royal Academy in 1890, and academician in 1903; and he was knighted in 1902. Sir Sydney Waterlow was his uncle.

He began to exhibit in 1872 and produced a considerable number of admirable landscapes, in oil and watercolour, handled with grace and distinction. One of his pictures, Galway Gossips, is in the Tate collection (below). More on Sir Ernest Albert Waterlow

Sir Ernest Albert Waterlow 1850–1919
Galway Gossips
Oil paint on canvas
762 x 1276 mm
Tate

Sir Ernest Albert Waterlow 1850–1919, see above


Emil Ganso, (1895-1941 German/American) 
Joyce in a Green Dress 
Oil on canvas 
30' H x 25' W 
Private collection

Emil Ganso, (1895-1941 German/American)  was born in Halberstadt, Germany in and came to the United States as a teenager. By 1914 Ganso was taking evening classes at the National Academy's School of Fine Arts while supporting himself as a baker. His work was soon identified by Erhard Weyhe who went on to show Ganso's work at the Weyhe Gallery. Ganso first exhibited at the Society of Independent Artists in 1921, as well as at the Salons of America from 1922 to 1925. By 1925 Weyhe Gallery began to represent Ganso which gave him the funds to spend his first summer in the art colony of Woodstock, New York in 1926. Weyhe Gallery continued to exhibit Ganso's work through the 1940s. 

 In 1929 Ganso visited Paris. Perhaps it was this Paris trip that sparked Ganso's interest in photography. Ganso received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1933 which he used to study and paint in Europe. In the 1930s Ganso also kept a studio at 54 West 74th Street. 

In 1930 Emil Ganso began to be invited to exhibit at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (1930-1935); the Art Institute of Chicago; the Wichita Art Museum, Kansas; the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (1931-1938); and the Whitney Museum of American Art (1927-1941). Emil Ganso also exhibited at both the 1939 New York World's Fair and the Golden Gate Exposition in San Francisco that same year. Ganso was awarded the Pennell Memorial Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1938. As a result of the success of his art, Ganso was offered an artist-in-residence position in 1940 at the University of Iowa. It was there that he died in 1941. More on Emil Ganso 


Zichy, Mihaly von, (1827 Zala County - 1906 St. Petersburg)
The Game of Love
Gouache
30.5 x 36.0 cm
Private collection

Mihály Zichy (October 15, 1827 in Zala, Hungary – February 28, 1906 in St. Petersburg, Russia) was a Hungarian painter and graphic artist.

Zichy was a significant representative of Hungarian romantic painting. During his law studies in Pest from 1842, he attended Jakab Marastoni's school as well. In Vienna he was Waldmüller's pupil in 1844. "Lifeboat", his first major work, comes from this time. On Waldmüller's recommendation, he became an art teacher in St. Petersburg. He swore allegiance to freedom by painting the portrait of Lajos Batthyány, the first Hungarian prime minister, in 1849. From 1850 onwards, he worked as a retoucher, but he also did pencil drawings, water colours and portraits in oil. His erotic drawings have a particular warm intensity in which both members of the couple seem equal partners. He settled down in Paris in 1874.

In 1881 he was in Tbilisi, Georgia, where he started working on illustrations for "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" at the request of the Georgian intelligencia. He painted 35 pictures in total. The publishing commission of the work of "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" chose 27 pictures to be included in the publication. The painter refused to take payment for the works, so impressed was he by the poem itself. Instead, he gifted the works to the Georgian people. More on Mihály Zichy


Novoskoltsev, Alexander Nikanorovich, (1853 - 1919 Russia)
Lascivious Nude on Divan
Oil on canvas
20.5 x 26.5 cm
Private collection

Novoskoltsev, Alexander Nikanorovich, (1853 - 1919 Russia) studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under Vladimir Perov and won numerous gold and silver medals for his masterfully rich historical and genre paintings. He went on to study throughout Europe and later taught at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg.  Several of his most important masterpieces hang in the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg. Novoskoltsev is known to have painted a composition on a similar theme in 1886, which is listed in Fedor Bulgakov's 1890 biographical dictionary of contemporary artists Nashi khudozhniki on page 74. More on Novoskoltsev, Alexander Nikanorovich

Youssef Nabil, Egyptian, b. 1972
Sweet Temptation, c. 1993
Digital print 
31.5 x 21 in. (80.01 x 53.34 cm.)
Private collection

Fascinated by cinema in his youth, Egyptian photographer Youssef Nabil captures the contemporary paradoxes of the Middle East through the lens of fantasy. In 2003, Nabil was awarded The Seydou Keita Prize for Portraiture from the Rencontres Africaines de la Photographie, Bamako, Mali and in 2005 he was honored by the International Photography Awards, Los Angeles, CA. His first film, You Never Left, was first exhibited in 2010. His work has been the subject of recent solo shows at Maison Europeenne de la Photographie, Paris, France (2012); Nathalie Obadia Gallery, Paris, France (2011); Yossi Milo Gallery, New York, NY (2010); Savannah College of Art and Design, Atlanta, GA (2010); GALERIST, Istanbul, Turkey (2009); Villa Medici, Rome, Italy (2009); The Third Line Gallery, Dubai, UAE (2009); and Volker Diehl Gallery, Berlin, Germany (2009). More on Youssef Nabil 



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